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Chapter 1

Race and Medicine - An Introduction

Jay-Sheree Allen, MD and Neda Frayha, MD

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 In recent weeks, many of our medical organizations have released official statements declaring racism to be a public health crisis. In this introduction to Hippo Education’s new Race and Medicine audio series, Dr. Jay-Sheree Allen sits down with Primary Care RAP host Dr. Neda Frayha for a candid conversation exploring the definition and types of racism, the historical and present-day manifestations of racism in medicine, and potential strategies we all can incorporate into our daily practices to go beyond the hashtag and become true allies. 



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  2. African American Physicians and Organized Medicine: Acknowledging our Painful Legacy. The Institute for Ethics at the AMA. Accessed 11 June 2020.

  3. Ehrenfeld, J, Harris, P. Police Brutality Must Stop. AMA, May 2020. Accessed 11 June 2020.

  4. Gantzer, H. Internists “Gravely Concerned” About Discrimination and Violence by Public Authorities and Others. ACPOnline, May 2020. Accessed 11 June 2020.

  5. Jones CP. Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener’s Tale. American Journal of Public Health, 2000; (90)8: 1212-1215. Accessed 11 June 2020.

  6. Morse M, Loscalzo J. Perspective Creating Real Change at Academic Medical Centers — How Social Movements Can Be Timely Catalysts. The New England Journal of Medicine. June 2020. Accessed 11 June 2020.

  7. Hardeman R, Medina E, Boyd R. Perspective Stolen Breaths. The New England Journal of Medicine. June 2020. Accessed 11 June 2020.

  8. Evans M, Rosenbaum L, Malina D, Morrissey S, Rubin E. Diagnosing and Treating Systemic Racism. The New England Journal of Medicine. June 2020. Accessed 11 June 2020.

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